“The Crucible” The play ”The Crucible” was written in 1952 by the playwright Arthur Miller. The play took place in Salem, Massachusetts of 1692, where mass hysteria and scapegoating is occurring. With the powerless and powerful trying to figure out who is who and the abilities they have or influence on each other in the community. In the play, ”The Crucible,” the powerful against the powerless is revealed across disciplines through authority, gender, and social class which impacts on individuals power in the community. Power is abused in many ways but one way power is abused in “The Crucible” is by authority. In a situation where it comes to authority figures trying to figure out what they need to know, they will do anything in their power to scare you and influence you into giving them what they want. This type of situation just so happened to occur in The Crucible. In Act 3 pg.34, Danforth says to Elizabeth ”Look at me! To your own knowledge, has John Proctor ever committed the crime lechery? Answer my question. Is your husband a lecher!” With the strong tone that Danforth is using on Elizabeth is over powering her so she does not know what to say. Power is not only abused by words, but threats. Mary Warren is a servant for John and Elizabeth Proctor, but when something goes wrong they will discipline her. In Act 2 John Proctor told Mary ”I’ll official you” meaning that he will grab the whip and hit her for not obeying him. In Salem, authority figures abuse their power to those who did not listen. Power is given or established in many ways, but one example of given powers are through the social class you are in. For instance, the higher you are in the social class, the more power you have. Meanwhile, the lower you are in the social class, the less power you had. Ultimately, the rank that is given to you determines your power but people abuse that power. In Act 1, Reverend Parris proclaimed”You will confess yourself for I will take you out and whip you to your death Tituba!” In the social class, Parris is above Tituba because Tituba is a slave. He threatened to whip her if she did not confess to what they think she did. Back in Salem of 1692, religion was a big thing that must be followed. A reverend is high up in the social class. In the play, Reverend Hale was high in the social class. In Act 1 Reverend Hale told Tituba”Open yourself, Tituba—open yourself and let God’s holy light shine on you.”Hale told this to Tituba to confess what they want to hear. He is persuading her to confess so she can be one with god. By using the power he has as a reverend, he is abusing it to make her say things she does not want to say. The abuse in power was used with the social class giving you the power to command people or influence. People are manipulated easily but authority, and social class does not have everything to do with it gender played a big role in influencing people. In act 4 Hale said to Elizabeth”Goody Proctor, I have gone this three month like our Lord into the wilderness. I have sought a Christian way, for damnation’s doubled on a minister who counsels men to lie.” By him saying this, he means that only Elizabeth, John Proctor’s wife, will be able to convince him to lie to save his life. Women are seen as villains, liars, and actually good people. Women have a way to influence men to believe every little white lie. In Act 4 Proctor exclaims”You are pulling Heaven down and raising up a wh@#$!” The meaning behind Proctor saying this is that they are believing lies and raising a lie and bad person. The women in “The Crucible” are manipulated to others and will not be seen as a bad person which is a form or abusing their power as a female. There are many ways to abuse power or how to influence others with that power. The abuse of power is demonstrated in “The Crucible” through authority, social class, and gender. Power is still used and abused in today’s society, so it is important to understand how power can be properly used without created chaos. Power is still used and abused in today’s society, so it is important to understand how power can be used properly.